UPI mobile payments through mobile apps has been one of the biggest contributors to retail digital transactions in India. The pay mode now accounts for around half the retail digital transactions in volume terms, while its value share is around 10% (due to relatively small average per transaction value compared to NEFT/IMPS). UPI’s market share gains have mainly come at the expense of other traditional digital pay-modes such as NEFT, Credit cards and PPIs (pre-paid instruments like mobile wallets). Some contributing factors to the success of UPI have been Demonetization, mobile-first approach, instant bank-bank fund transfers, subsidy on transaction costs, growing penetration of mobile phones as well as Internet connectivity and early adoption by
The Digital Payments landscape in India has been revolutionized by the regulators and the banks’ proactive initiatives, e.g., IndiaStack and UPI. It is quite surprising that India has emerged as one of the most exciting markets for digital payments across the world. Last year, home-grown payment networks (RuPay and UPI) took a lion’s share of the total digital transactions, ~65%, showcasing how for once the Government efforts have been in the right direction for achieving targets.
Popular Payment methods are e-wallets, UPI, biometric payments, BharatQR code, and sound-wave-based payment technologies. One of the primary reasons can be attributed to the forward-thinking of central & state governments and Reserve Bank of India for successfully bringing a digital payment revolution in India. Buoyed by the success of Virtual Payment Address – UPI (it’s like your e-mail id), Google wrote to the US Federal Reserve, about UPI model adopted in India and recommended creating
In the midst of a deep down consumer financing crisis by Indian Fintech Startups, guess who is at the Gateway of India, Mumbai asking for NBFC license to operate in the Indian FinTech space. Yes! More than 2 dozen Chinese Dragons are waiting at the RBI gate in Mumbai.
What’s so special about Chinese Fintech Companies ?
Flush with funds, they target customers in the sub-prime segment [No CIBIL Score or a Score of just 500-550] and offer small-ticket loans (mainly pay cheque loans) which are short term in nature and profitable. There has been a regulatory clampdown in China last year which
India’s Leading Credit Bureau – CIBIL data reveals that delinquencies across product levels in the retail segment have shown a modest increase but the situation is not alarming. The main segment which is under stress is auto loans, which is driven by CVs as evidenced in the latest results of banks.
Credit Card Segment – While the overall credit card balances grew by ~41% YoY to ~Rs1.1tn,
balances in the semi-urban and rural areas grew at a faster pace (+52% YoY) indicating increasing usage of cards as a payment option in these areas.
In the Personal Loan segment, the origination volumes more than doubled to 7.3m accounts out of which ~68% were
Credit Cards Spend in India is an evolving industry with >50mn base (~32mn unique customer base), >INR1tn loan outstanding (~1.2% of system credit) and 3% spends/GDP. Over the previous decade, while credit card spends posted ~25% CAGR, growth in the card base has lagged and remains low at ~32mn of unique customer base. Rapid proliferation of e-commerce, improving POS infrastructure and demonetisation were key inflection points for the credit card business.
Penetration of Credit Cards by CIBIL Score
CIBIL has 550 mn records (individuals plus businesses), of which the unique credit card customer base is mere 32mn — sub 6% penetration in credit cards. Moreover,
Digital penetration has increased at a swift pace over the past few years in India. The decrease in average data cost and drop in price of smartphones has resulted in higher internet activity. This has promoted digital transaction and online purchases. PayTM, MobiKwik, etc. started the digital payment revolution and these platforms have expanded vertically. UPI has increased at a sharp pace in India. New entrants like PhonePe, Google Pay, etc. have increased digital payment adoption in the past two years.
ZestMoney‘s co-founders were inspired by the scope of digital lending in India while working in London. Urbanization and rising aspirations of Indian consumers, alongside the discount model of the online e-commerce industry, has fueled the swift pace of growth in online purchases. E-commerce is expected to